Dragana J. Jovanovic, Andrea Chiappini, Lidia Zur, Tamara V. Gavrilovic, Thi Ngoc Lam Tran, Alessandro Chiasera, Anna Lukowiak, Krisjanis Smits, Miroslav D. Dramicanin, Maurizio Ferrari
In this work, we focused on the syntheses, structure and spectroscopic properties of GdVO4:Dy3þ and DyVO4 (nano)particles of different sizes and shapes (spherical nanoparticles of 2 nm, 4 nm, and 20 nm in size, nanorods with a few nanometers in diameter and up to 10e20 nm in length and microparticles of 1 e8 mm) obtained by four synthetic methods. The size effect on the structure, Raman active modes, and photoluminescence emission intensities was analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and diffuse reflection spectroscopy. All X-ray diffraction patterns clearly indicated presence of a single tetragonal zircon-type phase; absence of impurity phases indicate that the dopant Dy3þ ions were successfully and uniformly incorporated into the GdVO4 host lattice due to the equal valence and similar ionic radii. Micro-Raman measurements support the XRD measurements and showed Raman-active modes of the REVO4 systems (RE ¼ Gd, Dy). The difference between the two hosts in the diffuse reflectance spectra was observed and it could be attributed to more effective Gd3þ ions on the charge transfer bands and different polarization (compared to bulk material) in smaller nanoparticles. Photoluminescence spectroscopy showed several bands in the visible and near-infrared regions which can be exclusively attributed to the fef transitions of Dy3þ ions.
Published in Optical Materials